Shyamsunder Panchavati

Shyamsunder Panchavati
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Saturday, August 22, 2015

Champions of Change Management... The lighter side of Change Management 08-23

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Champions of Change Management...

The lighter side of Change Management......

Change Management is a topic that is taught to the students of MBA, Engineering and other graduation courses. Students learn with interest Change Management only to forget it immediately after the completion of their course.

There are some champions of Change Management who not only learn change management through their profession, but implement it throughout their life time. And surprisingly they are neither students nor the management professionals.They are not  even entrepreneurs.

I interviewed the following people (just imagination) and lo!!! I was pleasantly surprised by the quality and quantity of the output.

Bus Conductor / Operator

A Housewife

A Beggar

Let us conduct an imaginary interview with them and find out from them their expert view on change management. Let us imagine what each one of them say about change management. 

We start with the Bus Conductor....

Bus conductor

"Oh yes, Change Management is a great art which you master it with experience." 

"There are lot of factors involved in it. You need to be very careful and balance every step.

You should master the art of correct balance between taking and giving change. If you give too much of the change too liberally and too frequently, you are not left with any no change when you have to give change to the genuine passengers.

Yes there are genuine passengers and not so genuine passengers, who would have change but pretend that they don't have it. You need to distinguish and discern between the two. These things of course come with experience. Change Management as I told you is a tough challenge for us. That is why even Mahatma Gandhi stressed the importance of change when he said.." 


I was shocked. I never thought Mahatma Gandhi could be so grossly misinterpreted. We have often seen politicians doing it, but a bus conducter, well! it was unimaginable.. He however he was happy,that he had presented himself as an intelligent being. Few other conducters who had gathered around us and were listening to our conversation nodded their head in appreciation.

"But you also have problems when you don't give the change to the commuters. Your bag becomes heavy and messy and the biggest problem is, when you deposit the cash at the office, the staff wouldn't take change, they insist on larger denomination currency."

"So as I said, Change Management is a delicate art and you learn it by experience." he concluded.

I thought that it was much more than what I could take, so I thanked him and excused myself.

Next we move to the most important net-worker between the religions and the great evaluator of the changes in the society "The Beggar"

The Beggar 

I went to a place of worship and selected a senior graying begging professional and told the purpose the of my visit. He not only understood Change Management, but also agreed to share his perspective on the subject.

Let us hear him.

"Change Management is an important aspect of our profession. We are the champions of Change Management. We can monitor and evaluate the change in the society better than what anyone else can do and we can also advice on the ways to channelize this  positive change for the betterment and upliftment of the society.  " 

"Can you please enlighten me on that" I asked with a pretended humility.

"Yes why not" he said and added "You know that I am a senior begging professional, my charges will be higher for this management information, can you afford it?" “Yes" I said and settled the price.

He started in a very calm and confident manner with a saintly expression.

We have found a very positive change in society, more specifically in the youth in the recent times. Since our professional work takes us to the places of worship of all religions, we keenly observe the changes in thinking and the attitude of the people of different religions. Among men, among women and among the youth."

"From the amount and type of collection, we can even tell about the profession of the youth coming to religious place."

 "We now get fifty and hundred rupee notes in our bowl. This shows that more of youth are coming to the temple. And recently we are getting more of larger denomination currency like 100 & 500 Rupee note. This indicates that more and more of software professionals are visiting places of worship. Previously we only had retired people visiting us and we had only coins of one two and five. After that middle aged employees  started coming and we started getting notes of ten and twenty rupee notes. 

With this influx of youth, the value for the begging profession has increased. Educated unemployed youth are taking to this profession, because the monetary returns are as good as the one s in software industry and of course no pink slip. We are now auctioning the begging spots and new entrants are more than willing to pay a higher price. 

We also conduct free orientation in begging technology for the new entrants. 

About the Change Management

Now the youth seems to be getting more and more interested in religion and this change has to be managed positively by the elders and religious preachers in the society.

"How can you say that so confidently" I asked eager to hear more from him.

"Previously this young men and women used to discuss Boy/Girl friends, but now they are discussing the values in life, honesty in public life and about technology and management. The same people are sometimes seen at the worship places of different religions. this shows they are trying to understand the values in other religions and develop tolerence for all the religions.

"I feel when these people grow up and administer the country; they will give clean and principled governance without any communal hatred."  We can see the emergence of real "Incredible India" when people run the country."

"How do you think would the elders would react to the resurgence in thought process in youth" I asked inquisitively.

He said " They will have to give in to the change and be a part of the stream." 

"There is  still lot more to discuss about change management, but my peek business time is approaching. Can you please come sometime next week with prior appointment; I will give two hours time. 

I said “OK”, paid him more than the agreed amount and left a happy and satisfied man. Now I know where to go, if you want to know about the changes taking place in the society.

I next searched for a housewife, and found a middle aged lady standing outside the house and gossiping with the neighbor. I explained her everything and she readily agreed to contribute.

Let us hear her... 

 A Housewife

“Yes it is tough. The way we housewives manage it, I don't think any other human species can do it. (Only Human Beings are into it, isn't it ? she asked not all that innocently, I was stumped, but still managed to say sheepishly "Yeah I think so, but I haven't evaluated this art in other species, hence I cannot authoritatively speak on this subject."

"How do you go about it?" I said taking the conversation further...

"It is vast subject, and it will take some time for you to understand"  she said and added     " why not we sit inside the house and discuss this over a cup of tea."

The lure of tea was so tempting that I did not notice the bait hidden behind it. And yes I fell for it.

We sat inside comfortably on sofa. She brought two cups and a big flask full of tea along with some snacks. She started her perspective of change management which consisted how she struggled to change the her in-laws, husband and relatives to her ways and how she succeed. She enumerated with minute details how her own sister drastically failed it this management.

"Then, how did she solve the problem" I asked curiously 

"Oh, she changed the husband," she said nonchalantly. "The new husband is so good that he doesn't need any Change Management." she said showing a lot of relief in her voice.

Three hours passed by the flask was empty, and still she was not through. ...

"There is still a lot to discuss on this subject. Why don't you join me for lunch" she said...

"Bait, a second time" I thought, 

This time I was careful, I excused myself saying that I had an important appointment to keep. I promised her to come next week with prior appointment.

I left the house with a resolve to myself that I will not visit that area for at least a year.

My god !!!!

She has changed my perspective of Change Management, I am lost.

Will someone please explain to me WHAT CHANGE MANAGEMENT IS ACTUALLY ALL ABOUT? And this time I would like a Management Professional to coach me.

Best wishes,


Post Script.

This article is a satire with message.

1. I just wanted to say that knowledge can be acquired from anyone and everyone.

2. All the professions need to respected and no profession is less than any other profession.

Saturday, August 8, 2015

Please Do not conduct condolence meeting for Dr.A.P.J Abdul Kalam 08-08

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Please do not conduct condolence meeting for Dr.A.P.J Abdul Kalam

"Seeding the Visionary Dream of Dr APJ Abdul Kalam"

Please Do not conduct condolence meeting for Dr.A.P.J Abdul Kalam.Change the name into"Seeding the Visionary Dream of Dr APJ Abdulkalam"

Use the below 10 points oath given to students and youth and also download other oath for all type of professions from and take the oath whole conducting this functions.

My kind request to all of you is to communicate and share your friends, elders and organisers of such function.


V. Ponraj

Oath For Students and Youth

1 I will have a goal and work hard to achieve that goal. I realize that small aim is a crime.

2 I will work with integrity and succeed with integrity.

3 I will be a good member of my family, a good member of the society, a good member of the nation and a good member of the world.

4 I will always try to save or better someone's life, without any discrimination of caste, creed, language religion or state. Wherever I am, a thought will always come to my mind. That is "What can I give?"

5 I will always protect and enhance the dignity of every human life without any bias.

6 I will always remember the importance of time. My motto will be "Let not my winged days, be spent in vain".

7 I will always work for clean planet Earth and clean energy.

8 As a youth of my nation, I will work and work with courage to achieve success in all my tasks and enjoy the success of others.

9 I am as young as my faith and as old as my doubt. Hence, I will light up then, the lamp of faith in my heart.

10 My National Flag flies in my heart and I will bring glory to my nation.

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Thursday, August 6, 2015

Responsible Communication, That evokes interest and admiration 08-06

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Responsible Communication, that evokes interest and admiration

There are many areas to look at in communication: a message is communicated through visual, vocal and verbal means. From that, comes the importance of body language, how we present ourselves, and so on. The visual and vocal elements are indeed very important to effective communication, but we will not touch on that here.

Rather, let’s look at why many people experience a challenge in communicating effectively from the verbal aspect:

1. Self-consciousness.

Then a great truth dawned on me – to be a good conversationalist, we simply had to be a great listener. We had to be genuinely interested in what the other person had to say, ask the right questions (because we genuinely wanted to know more) and presto, people will laud us as great communicators!

It’s often our own self-consciousness that makes us tongue-tied and awkward. We are so pre-occupied with what intelligent idea to share next, that we can barely concentrate on listening to and understanding the other party.

2. Non-empathy

The other block to good communication is non-empathy. We are sometimes so intent on putting our ideas across that we forget to be sensitive or empathic to the other person. Is the person in a rush, or does he or she have other matters on his or her mind?
A good example is when we want to sell an idea to our boss: is he or she rushing for another meeting? Or perhaps he or she has just got some flak from his or her boss or a customer and is simply in a lousy mood.

3. Lack of clarity

This comes from a lack of clarity in our thoughts as well as our verbal communication. It starts from our thoughts: are we quite clear in our minds what is the message we wish to convey? From there, we move on to effective choice of words. Some people may have a language problem: they may be thinking in their mother language, say Mandarin or Punjabi, and trying to express their ideas in a language they are not comfortable with, say English.

Learn to organize your thoughts. Before making an important presentation, list down the points you want to make in a logical sense. If language is a challenge, then I suggest you write your ideas down in proper sentences and ask a friend to go through for you. I’m not saying you should read from your paper or memorize the “speech” but just writing it down and reading it a few times will help you a great deal in putting your message across.

Many people think as long as they speak fluently, they are good communicators. Not so, as those of you who have had to listen to someone go on and on about themselves, will testify. They may be such eloquent speakers, and even entertaining at times, but there’s only so much we can take in a one-way communication. I’m sure some of you have been in a situation where you just wish you were somewhere else after 20 minutes!

The highest level of communication which I personally would strive for as a communicator is what is known as persuasive communication. This takes place when the person we are communicating with, 1) understands what we want to say, 2) feels what we are feeling and is then 3) motivated to take action on what we have said. Effective communication may stop short at (2); the listener may not necessarily want to do something about what he or she has just heard.

One skill that can help you move from effective to persuasive communication is that of asking questions. This is a powerful skill that once you have mastered it, will indeed help you see immediate results in your daily communication – be it sales, presentation of ideas, talking to your friends or simply getting your child to do what you want.

Best Wishes,


Where Knowledge fails, It is the Ignorance that creates path for Success!!! 08-06

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Where Knowledge fails, It is the Ignorance that creates path for Success!!!

Derek Bok, the 25th President of Harvard, famously said: “If you think education is expensive, try ignorance.” What we need is more business education, not less!

“Try ignorance” though said in a different context has become more relevant in the present scenario. A leading Japanese multinational, which is into electronics and infrastructure, systematically, breeds high levels ignorance in their staff right from the stage of initiation, simultaneously imparting highest level of knowledge in the area of their work. I was surprised to find a senior Japanese technician totally ignorant about his company info like turnover, manpower count, he didn’t even know the name of his chairman. He innocently admitted that he only remembered the person he reported to, and people who reported to him. Yet he had contributed constructively to the infrastructural aspects of the power plants, his company built in many countries.

Now compare this to a senior executive from west. He will not only remember everything about his chairman (down to the scandals). He will give you all info (including personal) about other heads like Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, Warren Buffet et al.

Now how does it affect the performance? It does I feel

Now brain like any other data storage system has a fixed capacity for storage. You can only recall what is stored. If you store irrelevant stuff, you are left with a very limited space to store the stuff relevant to your work .It may be enough to carry you through normal times, but not during crisis situations. Japanese realized this early, and the results are there for all to see. A badly battered World War II country rose like phoenix to become the world’s leading economy within two decades.

Who is to blame?

Every one in the establishment, especially those in B-Schools. In order to make themselves relevant, they teach a lot of irrelevant things. A better part of my life has been spent making the students unlearn things not relevant their jobs.

“Mintzberg, a professor of management at McGill University, and a known B-School baiter says that the idea of a foundational education at or near the beginning of a managerial career is fatally flawed. It’s not called the “practice of management” for nothing, he says, and you can only learn the nuanced lessons of management by managing.”

He adds, “.You wouldn’t send a doctor out to practice without years of study; why a manager? Because most of the things a manager needs to know–whether that’s how to motivate people or assess a balance sheet–are context-specific, he says, and not universally applicable. Yes, a manager needs to understand the basics of finance, but that is best learned in a real-world setting. Furthermore, an MBA degree gives graduates a false sense of their capabilities, which can cause tremendous harm to an organization.”
It’s a strongly a contra view–but in this environment, one that suddenly seems a bit less radical.

Where is the solution?

Turn to east & orient; adopt their proactive ways of recruitment and training. Select specialists (Masters) in the related field, rather than management generalists. Impart job specific intensive customized training and keep updating their knowledge to get results. US multinationals in India have already started that practice they are picking students from high schools & undergraduate colleges and grooming them into successful executives. One of the US multinationals had tied up with a university to impart education customized to its job needs. It sponsored the education and absorbed the students after completion.
Either reform the B-School curriculum to make it industry or scrap them altogether.

You don’t need a MBA to create economic crisis. It should be focused towards effectively manage one.

Before concluding, I am tempted to narrate another incident about another senior Japanese techie. My friend wrote to this man to get a car stereo, whenever he came to India next. The man wrote back. “Ok I will get the car stereo, but what about the car.” It took a while for my friend to understand the message. Now the perception of the Japanese was, to get a car stereo, you had to buy a car, pluck the stereo out, and…. What to do with the car? Now he could be excused for the ignorance of the fact that car stereos were available separately in the market. Because this ignorance led to the expertise in his own field.

Best wishes,


Monday, August 3, 2015

Text of Dr. Kalam's Speech at IIM Shillong 08-03

Address and Interaction with the participants of Creating a Liveable Earth                

Session I, IIM Shillong, Jul 27 2015

How to make our planet more liveable?               
Dear Friends,

This is the last speech delivered by Dr APJ Abdul Kalam at IIM
Shillong on 27 July 2015.

His last words are :

"The topic I have selected is: "Creating a Liveable Planet Earth". Dear friends,"

"The sustainable development enables the realization of green clean environment without pollution, having prosperity without poverty, peace without fear of war and a happy place to live for all citizens of the nations of the world".                

Dear friends, I am delighted to be with the Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Shillong and address and interact with the students participating in this short course on Creating a Liveable Earth.

I am happy to know that the student present here are from a rich diversity of experience from various domains. My presentation and discussion, your thoughts, responses and their review, can in an integrated way, take the shape of a vision for an action plan for the course participants in various sustainable development system which can preserve and nurture the planet and its people.

I am confident that 12 groups of students might have worked on the 12 pillars of Creating a Liveable Earth for futuristic global civilizations. While doing these assignments, I am sure all of you would have realized what an interconnected world we all live in and how the future is a function of our actions today. I will be focusing now in exploring these connections, ideas and challenges. Our journey begins today where we will be analyze new avenues of global prosperity and peace, creative leadership needed for such a change and also the all important aspect of how to preserve and enhance our environment while all this happens.

The Indian Institute of Management, Shillong is amongst the new members in the institutional array of the Indian Institutes of Management, or IIMs, who are producing more than 2/3rd of India?s CEOs. You inherit a glorious lineage which has produced some of the finest brains and managers of the nation and even global arena.

The topic I have selected is: "Creating a Liveable Planet Earth".

Dear friends, the planet's biggest problem today is to do with sustainability, environmental decline, global poverty, disease, conflict and many other sideshows that go around them. These are all interconnected ? it is one big problem, which is that the way we are doing things, cannot go on. Sustainable development is an organizing principle for human life on a finite planet. It suggests a desirable future state for human societies in which living conditions and resource-use meet human needs without undermining the sustainability of natural systems and the environment, so that future generations may also have their needs met.

Dear friends, I would like to share with you one important aspect of Energy Independence, which means complete energy security with freedom from fossil fuel. 86 % of the total energy produced comes from fossil fuel; around 14% comes from renewable energy and nuclear sector. In this situation, it is essential to find innovative methods to reduce the consumption of the electric power from fossil fuel and increase the deployment of renewable energy systems.

We are already working on adopting certain innovative methods to convert certain important segments for improving the efficiency of the electric power usage from fossil fuel and increase the use of renewable energy systems.

For example, India has 900 million mobile users, and 250,000 lakh cell phone towers, which consumes nearly 2 billion litres of diesel for power. If we convert these installations into solar powered systems, we save about 1.7 billion dollars and offset 5 million tonnes of CO2 emission and gain carbon credit. Next, if we transform all our 600,000 villages where 700 million people live, into solar powered homes and street lights, we may offset around 60% of fossil fuel usage in that sector.

Mission for IIM Shillong: All you students and members from IIM Shillong have to become ambassadors of such a green mission for the state, the nation and the planet. Can you transform Meghalaya into a Carbon Neutral State?

My lecture will finally lead you to that. You see so many cars and trucks moving on the roads everyday, towards Shillong and away from it. Each liter of fuel they burns adds about 2.3 kg of CO2 to the atmosphere. Similarly, in the world, we are adding over 30 billion tonnes of CO2 to the atmosphere every year. At this rate, we may soon hit a point of no return, and we will be forced to migrate to another planet or its satellite. What can we all do to ensure our mother planet, Earth, the cradle of life, is not rendered unfit for living?
Let me give you a mission. It may be a ten year mission to transform Meghalaya into a Carbon neutral state in India.

These are some of the innovative methods to reduce the consumption of fossil fuel usage and increase the deployment of renewable energy sources. I hope these steps will lead us towards achieving energy independence in a much faster way.

What connects the world?               

Friends, for promoting universal peace and prosperity, we need to identify what are the fundamental parameters which connect nations into one unified platform, what tools which enable such connectivity and what specific agendas are needed to bring the world together. Such fundamental parameters include environment, trade and economics, security, health and education of the humanity. These four parameters connect the world with a compounding positive effect, meaning that well being of one nation on these parameters imply the well being of every other nation as well. Let us discuss these four parameters.

Economy and Trade: The second factor which connects the world is economies and trade. Today, the merchandize trade across world is worth about $19 trillion/year and the growing services trade is valued at over $4.2 trillion/year. In fact, with over one-third of the world population India and China are rated by WTO as the fastest growing importers (China 9.7%, India 6.6%) as well as the fastest growing exporters (India 16.1%, China 9.2%). Interestingly, the fastest growing manufacturers are also the rapidly growing markets. This is the connectivity of the economy and it binds the world in many ways as we have already seen in the past.

Security: The third issue which is a matter of global togetherness is the aspect of security and hence promotion of sustained peace is a pre-requisite to economic development. In 1945, post the World War II the United Nations was established to avert large scale inter-state conflict. In spite of such an organization, there has been continued conflicts, threats and damages and resulting into wars. The international institution is ripe for re-organization encompassing proper representation in the Security Council and removing its veto power.

Meanwhile, the numbers of intra-state conflicts, organized terrorism and proxy wars are phenomena on the rise in the entire globe. With the spread of the world information backbone in the form of the internet, there is also a growing issue of addressing cyber crimes and cyber terrorism which can aim at crippling critical services. Nations are coming together to address these issues on a variety of scale.
Recently, we saw how a historic avenue of tension has been brought near resolution with the agreement on nuclear proliferation and lifting of economic sanctions in Iran. I am sure such efforts are significant in making our world peaceful.

Human Development in the Form of Health and Education for All: Friends, today we are in an era of multinational research and multinational product design and marketing. An invention made today somewhere takes no time to find its market thousands of miles away. When designers, developers, researchers, marketers, buyers, sellers and investors are all global, the international interest is in the development of quality workforce globally, often to suit the local market context too. Hence, education and skill development is an issue which brings the world together.

In the healthcare area, in early 20th century, Polio was the major disease emerging; this led to the Great Race for a vaccine against polio across the globe in various institutions and resulted a vaccine in 1950s, which has found solution for the problem. Now it is a time for finding a solution for solving the problem Malaria, HIV/AIDS and Diabetes.    

Challenges and unifying forces of humanity               
In the world history, there are several instances which have demonstrated that nations get united when they find a common urge and threat such as: Indian Freedom movement, Chinese revolution and the formation of European Union. Now, time has come to find such a common urge and threat for compelling the humanity to live in peace and prosperity as a global community in a clean world.                
 World Vision 2030: liveable planet earth

How to bring the nation?s prosperity through economic grwoth and simultaneously assuring peace to nation? What is the unique vision that will replace military superiority between and among nations? I have a feeling that we need a great vision, higher than individuals, ideologies, party affiliation, political ambitions and the present technological superiority. Dear friends, can we visualize what it should be?

The humanity needs a great vision to forget all the conflicts and move towards a common goal of peace and prosperity for all the global citizens. We visualize the birth of world vision leading to "livable planet earth". This vision will be greater than any other vision so far envisioned by the humanity.

I think there cannot be a greater vision for the nations other than transforming our "Planet earth liveable". That means, are we leaving a sustainable world where we have taken less from nature than what we have given to it? As long as there are inequities of development between urban and rural areas; between neighbourhoods; in sharing valuable resources, peace will elude us. Particularly, modern technology has made the world a global village. Hence tolerance for inequities will also come down. We have to use the same technology to bring global progress with a vision to achieve the same with consistent missions and programmes. Hence, while creating wealth in the classical sense we need to find new opportunities to serve the knowledge society in ways hitherto not imagined.

The solution may be to find products for more than 7 billion people of the world so that the whole world will own up business. We will have to find newer methods of cooperation so that core competence of even remote villages can be synergized for competitive products. With such a thought process, I discussed with my colleagues and formulated the possible distinctive development profile of the nations of the world in 2030 as follows.

Distinctive profile for the Nations of the World in 2030               

A world of nations where the divide between rural and urban, rich and the poor, developed and developing has narrowed down.

A world of nations where there is an equitable distribution and adequate access to energy and quality water.

A world where core competencies of each nation are identified. Missions synergizing the core competencies of different nations lead to economic advantage and faster development for all the societies.

A world of nations where all the students of all societies are imparted education with value system.
A world of nations where affordable quality health care is available to all.

A world of nations where the governance is responsive, transparent and corruption free.

A world of nations where crimes against women and children are absent and none in the society feels alienated.

A world in which every nation is able to give a clean green environment to all its citizens.
A world that is prosperous, healthy, secure, devoid of terrorism, peaceful and happy and continues with a sustainable growth path.

A world of nations with creative leadership who ensure effective mechanisms to resolve conflicts between nations and societies in a timely manner keeping overall peace and prosperity of the world as a goal.                

Message to the world leaders in the year 2030


What is the one cause which will unite regions, nations and the world and facilitate a happy, harmonious living apart from being productive? I would like to present my experience of evolving one such vision which will unify many nations to come together and work for the sustainability of the earth and the humanity.

World Knowledge Platform for Global Action 

 With the experience of World Knowledge Platform which brings the global cooperation, benefiting the regional prosperity thereby enriching the national prosperity, I visualize the missions that will bring unity to achieve peace and prosperity globally. For such a solution, World Knowledge Platform for Global Action has to emerge as a network of universities, government agencies and industries for participation of policy makers, students, academia and entrepreneurs. It should focus on the solution path of identifying global problems, researching solutions in a multinational manner, delivering through local cooperation and enterprise based approach in the long term for sustainability. It needs to be funded as an international cooperative venture which about $ US 4 billion over the next five years with dedicated spending to developing customizable and scalable solutions.

I believe, the following threats and opportunities need to be addressed by this World Knowledge Platform for Global Action:

The first global threat is the global environment degradation and climate change, which is threatening the world of nations. What will be the global solution? I believe, achieving Energy Independence globally with the regional cooperation may bring the optimal solution to this threat. It is essential to evolve right perspectives on realizing the Energy Independence vision by 2030 graduating from Energy Security. The basic foundation for achieving energy independence has to be built on the principles of environmental impact mitigation, selecting the right energy mix directly linked to the sustainable economic growth of the nation keeping the democratic dimensions in mind and the use of 5th fuel namely constantly improving energy efficiency in an integrated way, finally harnessing the space solar power for 24/7 using space solar mission. About $ US 1 billion over 5 years needs to be dedicated to the development of feasible and commercially viable solutions in this domain.

The Second threat is Trade deficit and Global economic recession, which is affecting many nations including India too. The economies of Brazil, Russia, India and China grew at a furious pace for much of the past decade and looked like they would beat even the most optimistic of forecasts which needs to be reinforced further. In such a scenario, my suggestion is to evolve regional cooperation based on the core competencies of the collaborating nations to work on the missions of Energy, Water, Healthcare, Infrastructure and employment generation. About $ US 750 million over 5 years needs to be dedicated to the development of economic systems which are equitable, just and robust for the global nations in this domain.

The third threat is Poverty, in spite of all the growth, 3 billion people of the world need their quality of life to be improved, uplifted from poverty and to provide right employment while the development reaches them directly. We need to evolve a Sustainable Development System which will enhance the employment potential and empower all the sectors of rural economy, using the well tested model established in India, called PURA (Providing Urban Amenities in Rural Areas). About $ US One billion over 5 years needs to be dedicated to the development of PURA as an enterprise model for global rural community of 3 billion humans.

If these three threats to the humanity are addressed with right solutions, which will reduce the effect of terrorism and will bring confluence of civilization. This will reduce the menace of terrorism. The global intelligence, global surveillance, global communication can be achieved through cooperation which will be enhancing the global security, regional safety and promote global peace. About $ US 750 million over 5 years needs to be dedicated to the development of ideas and innovations which can holistically solve the issues of global security from the grass root level problem of armed resistance rising out of lack of tolerance, geo-politics, natural resources, lack of equity or religious and cultural divides.

If these three threats to the humanity are addressed with right solutions, which will reduce the effect of terrorism and will bring confluence of civilization. This will reduce the menace of terrorism. The global intelligence, global surveillance, global communication can be achieved through cooperation which will be enhancing the global security, regional safety and promote global peace. About $ US 750 million over 5 years needs to be dedicated to the development of ideas and innovations which can holistically solve the issues of global security from the grass root level problem of armed resistance rising out of lack of tolerance, geo-politics, natural resources, lack of equity or religious and cultural divides.

Youth dynamics is the greatest opportunity available to the nations, since the ignited minds of the youth is more powerful resource on the earth, above the earth and under the earth. This should create a global human resource cadre and global young entrepreneur cadre who will work for world vision 2030. About $ US 500 million over 5 years needs to be dedicated to the development of linkages amongst the global youth on aspects of research, world peace and tolerance.

The world leaders meet should lead to the seeding of programmes of World Knowledge Platform for Global Action with international partnerships. This may result in accelerated realization of harmony of civilization and prosperity for all. 


 So far, I have discussed about global vision, its component and how each nation is vital in the mission to realize them. I wish to share some more ideals on Righteousness of the heart of the human being leads to a perfect life of an enlightened citizen. When I visit divine places in India, I realize how righteousness in the heart is propagated as our civilizations strength. Let me recite the hymn :
Righteousness in the heart

Where there is righteousness in the heart

There is beauty in the character.

When there is beauty in the character,

There is harmony in the home.

When there is harmony in the home.

There is an order in the nation.

When there is order in the nation,

There is peace in the world.

Friends, hence, what the nations of the world need are the combination of a World vision 2030 and righteousness in the heart of every citizen and every leader for realizing green, clean environment without pollution, having prosperity without poverty, peace without fear of war and a happy place to live for all citizens of the nations of the world.

My best wishes to all the participants of this course for success in their mission.

May God bless you!. 




Sunday, August 2, 2015

Dr. Kalam's last completed speech. 02-08

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Address and interaction with the Students of Bijnor 
BijnorJul 21 2015 India

Technology and its dimensions
"Be a lamp, a life boat and a ladder.
Help someone?s soul heal.
Walk out of your house like a shepherd"

Jalaluddin Rumi
13th Century Persian Sufi Poet
I am indeed delighted to address and interact with the Students, Faculty and Staff of R.V Institute of Technology here in the historic town of Bijnor. My greetings to all of you.

I understand Agriculture is the main source of income in Bijnor, with sugarcane being the main crop. Friends, also I understand the R.V Institute of Technology has worked on several Rural Development Projects such as Self Reliant Workshops & Farmer's Meets, Workshops, Promoting Green Building Campus and several other social initiatives. The vision of this institution is "To transform young minds into technocrats, globally competitive, highly skilled with positive mind set, who live with human values in full respect of the co-existence". 

I am sure, students come out of RV Institute will have the capacity to feel and do that I can do it. I would like to greet all the faculty members for shaping the young minds and the supporting staff. Friends, when I am with you I would like to share few thoughts on
"Technology and its dimensions".
First let me share about an important experience of system development, systems integration and system management, which I had during my education at MIT Chennai. 
Systems integration, engineering and management
While I was studying aeronautical engineering in MIT, Chennai, (1954-57) during the third year of my course, I was assigned a project to design a low-level attack aircraft together with six other colleagues. I was given the responsibility of system design and system integration by integrating the team members. Also, I was responsible for aerodynamic and structural design of the project. The other five of my team took up the design of propulsion, control, guidance, avionics and instrumentation systems of the aircraft. My design teacher Prof. Srinivasan, the then Director of MIT, was our guide. He reviewed the project and declared my work to be gloomy and disappointing. He didn?t lend an ear to my difficulties in bringing together data base from multiple designers. I asked for a month?s time to complete the task, since I had to get the inputs from five of my colleagues without which I cannot complete the system design. Prof. Srinivasan told me "Look, young man, today is Friday afternoon. I give you three days time. If by Monday morning I don't get the configuration design, your scholarship will be stopped." I had a jolt in my life, as scholarship was my lifeline, without which I cannot continue with my studies. There was no other way out but to complete the task of design. My team felt the need for working together round the clock. We didn?t sleep that night, working on the drawing board skipping our dinner. On Saturday, I took just an hour?s break. On Sunday morning, I was near completion, when I felt someone's presence in my laboratory. It was Prof. Srinivasan studying my progress in the drawing board. After looking at my work, he patted and hugged me affectionately. He had words of appreciation: "I knew I was putting you under stress and asking you to meet a difficult deadline. You have done great job in system design". What I learnt from engineering education was, how important system development, system integration and system management is? This integrated learning experience assisted me in various faces of my career.
Through this review mechanism Prof Srinivasan, really injected the necessity of understanding the value of time by each team member and brought out the best from the system design team. I realized that if something is at stake, the human minds get ignited and the working capacity gets enhanced manifold. That?s what exactly happened. This is one of the techniques of building talent. The message is that young in the organization, whatever be their specialization, be trained to systems approach of multiple disciplines and projects, which will prepare them for new products, innovation and undertaking higher organizational responsibilities. Teacher has to be a coach like Prof. Srinivasan. 
Mission Pluto
As you all know in January 2006, New Horizons clocked the fastest launch ever recorded when it blasted off in exceeding 36,000 miles per hour, crossing the Moon in just 9 hours. Capping a journey of 3 billion miles, the space craft took just three minutes to cross the diameter of the tiny planet. While most spacecraft depends on solar energy to power their on-board systems, the mission was powered by nuclear fuel ? aptly, plutonium ? that gives off heat as it decays. The fuel is designed to last until the late 2020s or even beyond. The project chiefs had estimated there was a 1-in-10,000 chance a debris strike could destroy New Horizons as it soared just 7,750 miles (12,472 km) which is almost equal to the distance from New York to Mumbai - from Pluto. It will take about 16 months for New Horizons to transmit back all the thousands of images and measurements taken during its pass by Pluto to earth but by that time, the spacecraft would have travelled even deeper into the Kuiper Belt, heading for a possible follow-on mission beyond the dwarf planet Pluto.
What worked yesterday, will not work today
Dear friends, I was studying a book, "Empires of the Mind" by Denis Waitley. This book gives what type of the new world which we are facing now? What was yesterday and what is today. I have modified certain points of the author to suit the occasion today. I have also added a third line which relates to action of leadership. The book specially says, "What worked yesterday, won?t work today."
Role of leadership in a Knowledge Society:
1. Yesterday - natural resources defined power
Today - knowledge is power
Institutions should empower itself with knowledge

2. Yesterday - Hierarchy was the model

Today- synergy is the mandate
Institutions will be enabler for intersection of multiple faculties towards mission goals

3. Yesterday - leaders commanded and controlled

Today - leaders empower and coach
Institutions will enrich itself through exposure to the needs of sustainable development

4. Yesterday - shareholders came first

Today - customers come first
Institutions should inculcate sensitivity to the needs of all the stakeholders

5. Yesterday - employees took order

Today - teams make decision
Institutions will promote team spirit

6.Yesterday - seniority signified status

Today - creativity drives status
Institutions will be judged by innovation and promote creativity

7. Yesterday - production determined availability

Today - Competitiveness is the key
Institutions will constantly evolve more competitive with knowledge, management and technology 

8. Yesterday - value was extra

Today - value is everything
Institutions will have the priority to inculcate value addition at every level

9. Yesterday - everyone was a competitor

Today - everyone is a customer
Institutions will value feedback and action based on that 

10. Yesterday - profits were earned through expediency

Today - Work with integrity and succeed with integrity.
Institutions have to imbibe the concept of work with integrity and succeed with integrity and act as promoters of such a culture in their students

When I see the creative young minds of RV Institute of Technology, Bijnor, I am thinking what drives the culture of excellence ? that is innovation and creativity.
A nation?s economic development is powered by competitiveness. Competitiveness is powered by knowledge. Knowledge is powered by technology. Technology is powered by innovation. Technology and innovation are powered by resource investment. Innovation opens up new vistas of knowledge and new dimensions to our imagination to make everyday life more meaningful and richer in depth and content. Innovation is born out of creativity. 
In a knowledge society, we have to make innovations continuously. Innovations come through creativity. Creativity comes from beautiful minds. It can be anywhere and any part of the world. It may start from a fisherman hamlet or a farmer?s household or a dairy farm or cattle breeding center or it could emanate from classrooms or labs or industries or R&D centers. Creativity has multi dimensions like inventions, discoveries and innovations. Creative mind has the ability to imagine or invent something new by combining, changing or reapplying existing ideas. Creative person has an attitude to accept change and newness, a willingness to play with ideas and possibilities, a flexibility of outlook, the habit of enjoying the good, while looking for ways to improve it. Creativity is a process through which, we can continuously improve ideas and find unique solutions by making gradual alterations and refinements to our works. The important aspect of creativity is seeing the same thing as everybody else, but thinking of something different. Innovation and creativity ultimately results into the culture of excellence.
Culture of Excellence
Excellence in thinking and action is the foundation for any mission. What is excellence? Friends, you all belong to the youth community, which should stand for culture of excellence. Moreover, excellence is not by accident. It is a process, where an individual or organization or nation continuously strives to better oneself. The performance standards are set by themselves, they work on their dreams with focus and are prepared to take calculated risks and do not be deterred by failures as they move towards their dreams. Then they step up their dreams, as they tend to reach the original targets. They strive to work to their potential, in the process, they increase their performance thereby multiplying further their potential, and this is an unending life cycle phenomenon. They are not in competition with anyone else, but themselves. That is the culture of excellence. I am sure; each one of you will aspire to become unique with culture of excellence.

Now, let me share with you how a street boy became a Nobel laureate. 
It does not matter who you are
Mario Capecchi had a difficult and challenging childhood. For nearly four years, Capecchi lived with his mother in a chalet in the Italian Alps. When World War II broke out, his mother, along with other Bohemians, was sent to Dachau as a political prisoner. Anticipating her arrest by the Gestapo, she had sold all her possessions and given the money to friends to help raise her son in their farm. In the farm, he had to grow wheat, harvest and take it to miller to be ground. Then, the money which his mother left for him ran out and at the age of four and half years, he started living sometimes in the streets, sometimes joining gangs of other homeless children, sometimes living in orphanages and most of the time hungry. He spent the last year in the city of Reggio Emelia, hospitalized for malnutrition where his mother found him on his ninth birthday after a year of searching. Within weeks, Capecchi and his mother sailed to America to join his uncle and aunt.

He started his 3rd grade schooling afresh over there and started his education, interested in sports, studied political science. But he didn?t find it interesting and changed into science, became a mathematics graduate in 1961 with a double major in Physics and Chemistry. Although he really liked Physics, its elegance and simplicity, he switched to molecular biology in graduate school, on the advice of James D Watson, who advised him that he should not be bothered about small things, since such pursuits are likely to produce only small answers.

His objective was to do gene targeting. The experiments started in 1980 and by 1984, Capecchi had clear success. Three years later, he applied the technology to mice. In 1989, he developed the first mice with targeted mutations. The technology created by Doctor Capecchi allows researchers to create specific gene mutations anywhere they choose in the genetic code of a mouse. By manipulating gene sequences in this way, researchers are able to mimic human disease conditions on animal subjects. What the research of Mario Capecchi means for human health is nothing short of amazing, his work with mice could lead to cures for Alzheimer?s disease or even Cancer. The innovations in genetics that Mario Capecchi achieved, won him the Nobel Prize in 2007.

Nobel laureate Capecchi life indeed reveals: - 
"When you wish upon a star,
Makes no difference who you are
Anything your heart desires
Will come to you"

Friends, can you imagine what kind of team would be deployed for an integrated system? It would consist of material scientists, electronic engineers, bio-scientists, doctors and nano technicians. Science thrives when it converges to solve pressing challenges of the world and this is the 21st century requirement from engineers. Let me discuss more on this topic.

Harvard University experience: Convergence of science is reciprocating. Let me give an example. Sometime back, I was at the Harvard University where I visited laboratories of many eminent Professors from the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences. I recall, how Professor Hongkun Park, showed me his invention of nano needles, which can pierce and deliver content into individual targeted cells. That?s how nano particle sciences are shaping the bio sciences. On the other hand, Professor Vinod Manoharan showed how bio sciences are shaping nano material science as well. He is using DNA material to design self assembling particles. When a particular type of DNA is applied on a particle at the atomic level, he is able to generate a prefixed behavior and automatic assembly from them. This could be our answer to self assembly of devices and colonies in deep space without human intervention as envisioned by Dr K Erik Drexler. Thus, within a single research building, I saw how two different sciences are shaping each other without any iron curtain between the technologists. This reciprocating contribution of sciences to one another is going to shape our future and industry needs to be ready for it.

Similarly, last year, I visited the University of Edinburgh, in the United Kingdom, where I met Professor Siddharthan Chandran who showed me the Anne Rowling Regenerative Neurology Clinic. I was particularly impressed by the work being conducted in the field of early detection of mental and neural disorders. Professor Chandran showed his work on deploying technologies typically used by eye care professionals, and use it to help detect neural disorders. Using optical scanner devices, his team is mapping the inside of the eye, particular Retina. They are going further, and targeting the optical nerve, a small opening into the Retina which carries neurons and photo receptors from the eye to the brain. Using advanced technologies they are able to "peep" down the optical nerves for new millimeters and make a longitudinal and cross section image of it. I am sure, all the faculty members, particularly R.V Institute of Technology will ensure at-least three months project for every student using multiple technologies and multiple faculties.

Friends, few weeks back, I read an article in the journal called "Science" which talk about the latest DNA nano devices created at the Technische Universitaet Muenchen (TUM) -- including a robot with movable arms, a book that opens and closes, a switchable gear, and an actuator. But there is something special about this project. It demonstrates a breakthrough in the science of using DNA as a programmable building material for nanometer-scale structures and machines. Results reveal a new approach to joining -- and reconfiguring -- modular 3D building units, by fitting together complementary shapes, like puzzle pieces, instead of zipping together strings of base pairs. This not only opens the way for practical nano-machines with moving parts, but also offers a toolkit that makes it easier to program their self-assembly. This is a new field popularly known as "DNA origami," in reference to the traditional Japanese art of paper folding, which is advancing quickly towards practical applications. The researchers can control the joining of the nano-particles by altering the chemical ion concentration of the individual pieces. They are also controlling the joining pattern using temperature controls. Such controlled assembly robots can be useful for deep space applications or for fighting germs and pathogens inside human body. Thus, by using the bioscience of DNA interaction, with physics of temperature, chemistry of ion concentration they are realizing the mechanics of robotic assembly which potentially can be useful in the space science or medical field.

Now, a new trend is emerging. The aspect being introduced is that of Ecology. Globally, the demand is shifting towards development of sustainable systems which are technologically superior. This is the new dimension of the 21st century knowledge society, where science and environment will go together. Thus the new age model would be a four dimensional bio-nano-info-eco based. When technologies and systems converge, obviously one important aspect is "systems thinking and implementation".

Friends, let me now share a unique story from the life of Alexander Graham Bell and how he invented the telephone.
Great science emanates with a spirit of service
While, successful scientists surely make a lot of wealth, but their motivation is always beyond money. They think in terms of what change they can bring about in other peoples' life. Science is driven by compassion and empathy often to alleviate the pains of humanity.

Look at the telephone; it would remind you of a unique scientist, Alexander Graham Bell. He, besides being a great inventor, was also a man of great compassion and service. In fact, much of the research which led to the development of telephone was directed at finding solutions to the challenges of hearing impaired people in their ability to listen and also talk back. Alexander Graham Bell?s mother and his wife were both hearing impaired and it profoundly changed Bell outlook to science ? He aimed to make devices which would help the hearing impaired. He started a special school in Boston to teach hearing impaired people in novel ways. It was these lessons which inspired him to work with sound and led to the invention of telephone. Can you guess the name of the most famous student of Alexander Graham Bell? It was Helen Keller, the great author, activist and poet who was hearing and visually impaired. As a respect to her teacher, she once said, Bell dedicated his life to the penetration of that "inhuman silence which separates and estranges." I have written, with my friend, Srijan Pal Singh, about many such stories from the lives of greatest scientist in my recently published book, Reignited: Scientific Pathway to the Future.
Conclusion: what would you like to be remembered for?
Friends, finally I would like to ask you, what would you like to be remembered for? You have to evolve yourself and shape your life. You should write it on a page. That page may be a very important page in the book of human history. And you will be remembered for creating that one page in the history of the nation ? whether that page is the page of invention, the page of innovation or the page of discovery or the page of creating societal change or a page of removing the poverty or the page of finding new technologies for humankind.

My best wishes to the students, faculty members and staff of RV Institute of Technology, Bijnor, for success in the mission of creating enlightened citizens towards building a knowledge society.

May God bless you.
Eight point Oath for the Students
Engineering and Technology is a life time mission. I will work, work and work and succeed.

Wherever I am, a thought will always come to my mind. That is what process or product I can innovate, invent or discover.

I realize I have to set a great technological goal that will lead me to think high, work and persevere to realize the goal.

My greatest friends will be great scientific/technological minds, good teachers and good books.

I firmly believe that no problem can defeat me; I will become the captain of the problem, defeat the problem and succeed.

I will work and work for removing the problems faced by planet earth in the areas of water, energy, habitat, waste management and environment through the application of science and technology.

My National Flag flies in my heart and I will bring glory to my nation.

By, Dr. APJ Abdulkalam